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Photo IDPP00349
Generic HeadingPhilippine Profiles
SubjectMen and women in the Philippine Revolution against Spain/Philippine-American War
TitleArtemio Garcia Ricarte
DateCirca 1898
CollectionLopez Memorial Museum
NotesAn autographed photo of General Ricarte. (See PP00348.) Photoengraving of the revolutionary general, with his autograph. General Ricarte participated in three wars in the lifetime: against Spain 1896-1898 and twice against the United States (1899-1903; 1942-1945). Ricarte joined the ranks of the Katipunan while he was teaching in San Francisco de Malabon (now Gen. Trias.). When hostilities between the Filipino Army and the United States erupted in 1898, General Ricarte or "Vibora" (his nom-de-guerre) led the operation against the Americans in the second zone around Manila. He was captured in 1900 and banished to Guam for refusing to swear allegiance to the United States. He plotted another revolution in Hongkong, was captured and imprisoned in 1910. Again refusing to swear allegiance to America, he was exiled to Hongkong from where his wife took him to Japan. Ricarte was brought back to the Philippines by the Japanese military whom he followed in its retreat to the Cordilleras. He got sick of dysentery, died on 31 July 1945, and was buried in an unremembered grave.



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