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Photo IDPP00350
Generic HeadingPhilippine Profiles
SubjectMen and women in the Philippine Revolution against Spain/Philippine-American War
TitleArtemio Garcia Ricarte
CollectionFilipinas Heritage Library
Notes(See PP00348). Photo of revolutionary general. Revolutionary leader Artemio Ricarte or "Vibora" (Viper) was the second child of Esteban Ricarte y Faustino and Bonifacia Garcia y Rigonan. Born on October 20, 1866, in Batac, Ilocos Norte, he took a teacher''s course at the Escuela Normal after obtaining his A.B. degree at Letran and Santo Tomas. He then taught in San Francisco de Malabon (Tanza), Cavite, where he also joined the Katipunan in 1895. When the Revolution broke out in August, 1896, he led the rebels in San Francisco de Malabon and Noveleta. In the Magdiwang Council he was a brigadier-general together with Mariano Riego de Dios and in the Tejeros Convention of March 22, 1896, he was elected Captain-General of the Revolutionary Army. He took charge of surrendering the rebel arms upon conclusion of the truce of Biyak-na-bato, joined the militia established by Gov. Basilio Agustin but defected once Aguinaldo returned from his Hongkong exile. During the Philippine-American war, he was Chief of Operations in the second zone around Manila. He was caught by the Americans in July 1900, while trying to infiltrate enemy lines on his way to Manila. Exiled in Guam in 1901, he refused to swear allegiance to America even after his release in February 1903, so he was banished to Hongkong. There he led the Republico Universal Demorata Filipina and the Gobierno Triumvirato Dictatorial, a government-in-exile. In December of the same year he sailed back to the islands in order to carry out his revolutionary plot. Caught and imprisoned in Bilibid and subsequently set free in June 1910, he was deported again to Hongkong after he continued his anti-American activities, organizing the Filipino Revolutionary Junta which aimed to overthrow American sovereignty in the Philippines. Later he went to Yokohama and Tokyo where he stayed up to the outbreak of the Pacific War. In 1941 the Japanese took Ricarte to the Philippines to help them in their pacification campaign. Towards the war''s end, he retreated to the Mountain Province with the Japanese when the Americans came in 1944. There he contacted dysentery and subsequently died on July 31, 1945, in Barrio Nagparaon, Kalinga.



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